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  1. #1
    Moderador Avatar de Winjer
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    Linux tem mais 2000 developers

    Linux has 2,000 new developers and gets 10,000 patches for each version

    Nearly 2,000 developers started contributing to Linux in the past 15 months, making up nearly half of all developers writing code for the open source operating system kernel.The new developers are helping fuel an ever-bigger Linux community, according to the latest Linux Kernel Development report, which will be released today by the Linux Foundation. The report is expected to be available at this link.
    "The rate of Linux development is unmatched," the foundation said in an announcement accompanying the report. "In fact, Linux kernel 3.15 was the busiest development cycle in the kernel’s history. This rate of change continues to increase, as does the number of developers and companies involved in the process. The average number of changes accepted into the kernel per hour is 7.71, which translates to 185 changes every day and nearly 1,300 per week. The average days of development per release decreased from 70 days to 66 days."
    Linux is getting more first-time contributors with nearly every release:
    Enlarge
    Linux Foundation
    "That adds up to 1,963 first-time developers over the course of about fifteen months," the report states. "Remember that 4,171 developers overall contributed to the kernel during this time; one can thus conclude that nearly half of them were contributing for the first time. Many of those developers will get their particular fix merged and never be seen again, but others will become permanent members of the kernel development community."
    These numbers cover the period since the last report issued in September 2013. The total number of developers contributing to Linux has risen since then, which identified 3,738 individual contributors over a slightly longer time frame than the period covered in today's report.
    Some developers work on their own time, but the majority of Linux developers get paid for their work, and that majority is increasing. "[E]ven if one assumes that all of the 'unknown' contributors were working on their own time, well over 80 percent of all kernel development is demonstrably done by developers who are being paid for their work," the report states.
    The report also ranks the top contributors by company.
    Enlarge
    LInux Foundation
    The "None" figure includes developers working on their own without corporate sponsorship, while "unknown" covers developers for whom a corporate affiliation could not be determined.
    Intel and Red Hat have swapped positions since late 2013, when Red Hat was #1 ahead of Intel. Intel also leads the way in bringing new developers on board:
    Enlarge
    Linux Foundation
    An outreach program for women also brought 24 new developers into the Linux community, the report said.
    Each Linux release includes more than 10,000 patches from more than 1,400 developers and more than 200 corporations. "Since the 2.6.11 release, the top ten developers have contributed 36,664 changes—8.2 percent of the total. The top thirty developers contributed just over 17 percent of the total," the report said.
    Here's a look at the top individual developers ranked by number of contributed changes:
    Enlarge
    Linux Foundation
    Linux creator Linus Torvalds doesn't appear on that list, though he still oversees all development and makes the call on when a new version is ready. Top developers like Torvalds "spend much of their time getting other developers’ patches into the kernel; this work includes reviewing changes and routing accepted patches toward the mainline," the report said.
    Greg Kroah-Hartman, the developer responsible for Linux kernel stable releases, once again led in "non-author signoffs."
    "These additional signoffs are usually an indication of review by a subsystem maintainer. Analysis of signoff lines gives a picture of who admits code into the kernel—who the gatekeepers are," the report states.
    Kroah-Hartman led the way with 13,028, 14.4 percent of the total. Another 11 developers contributed at least 1,000 non-author signoffs each.
    "The total number of patches signed off by Linus Torvalds (329, or 0.4 percent of the total) continues its long-term decline," the report said. "That reflects the increasing amount of delegation to subsystem maintainers who do the bulk of the patch review and merging."
    Since 2005, 11,800 individuals from nearly 1,200 companies have contributed to Linux. The latest numbers give the Linux Foundation reason for optimism. "There are enough companies participating to fund the bulk of the development effort, even if many companies which could benefit from contributing to Linux have, thus far, chosen not to," the report said. "With the current expansion of Linux in the server, desktop, mobile and embedded markets, it’s reasonable to expect this number of contributing companies—and individual developers—will continue to increase."
    Linux continua a ganhar muito apoio.
    Será que é nesta década que vamos ver o Linux a tornar-se numa opção forte para o utilizador comum?

  2. #2
    Tech Membro Avatar de Filipe
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    Eu já considero um bom SO para todos os utilizadores excepto os gamers, pois em termos de aplicações está idêntico aos restantes com a vantagem de ser free.
    List of Public DNS Servers! - Internet Censurada? Tenta alterar o DNS.
    aqui como testares o teu DNS!


  3. #3
    Tech Ubër-Dominus Avatar de Jorge-Vieira
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    Apoios o LInux tem bastantes, só falta é os jogos começarem a chegar para se tornar uma alternativa viável ao Windows, sendo que é um SO praticamente melhor em tudo, só peca mesmo pelos jogos.
    http://www.portugal-tech.pt/image.php?type=sigpic&userid=566&dateline=1384876765

  4. #4
    Tech Ubër-Dominus Avatar de Jorge-Vieira
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    Y2k for the Linux world is the year 2038

    All computer systems rely heavily on clocks to perform almost any function and this is a problem when your computer OS, does not know how to count past a certain number. The year 2038 will be for Linux, much like the old Y2k “Millennium Bug” back in 2000, where-by computers could not count past the year 1999 as years were encoded as two digits, and 2000 would appear as 1900. Only this time it has to do with how the date is stored.
    This will only affect 32-bit Linux systems, as all 32-bit kernels store the time and date as a signed 32-bit number that counts up, from 00:00:00 on 1 January 1970. When these systems reach January 2038, they will go back to the date that they started counting from, as there is not enough space in a 32-bit integer to count any further. You can see an explanation of this here or in the animation below.

    While you may think that this would not affect many systems in 2038, as there would not be that many 32-bit systems left by then, this would be an easy mistake to make, as even today a lot of embedded systems still use 16-bit or even 8-bit processors. A lot of so-called embedded systems use 32-bit Linux and these would all be affected. There is also no universal solution for the Year 2038 problem, but the good news is that the problem is being worked on, and several Linux developers and engineers are trying to encourage others to at least think about the problem.

    Long-time Linux kernel chronicler Jon Corbet has said, “The simple fact of the matter is that systems are being built and deployed now that will still be in service 23 years from now, Linux-based systems are being put into cars, into building control systems, into power plants, and into who-knows-how-many other places where they will just simply sit there and do their job until time_t runs out of bits. And then they won’t work anymore.”
    With embedded systems in use in so many critical situations and with them almost never being replaced once installed, this is a problem that needs to be dealt with years before it actually rears its head, otherwise it will be too late and it could even cost lives. Each year that developers produce software and devices that don’t take the 2038 bug into account, the worse the problem will be. “If we continue to distribute software that has this problem in it, we are setting up problems for the future, and we don’t want to do that,” Corbet said. “The time to fix it is now.”
    Noticia:
    http://www.kitguru.net/gaming/operat...the-year-2038/


    Não sei se será tão problematico como aconteceu no Windows, tudo vai depender do crescimento do SO, mas ainda faltam uns bons anos até 2038 e decerto irá existir solução.
    http://www.portugal-tech.pt/image.php?type=sigpic&userid=566&dateline=1384876765

  5. #5
    Tech Ubër-Dominus Avatar de Jorge-Vieira
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    Nvidia fixes old Linux bug



    Unity patch
    Nvidia has fixed an ancient problem in Ubuntu systems which turned the screen into 40 shades of black.

    The problem has been around for years and is common for anyone using Nvidia gear on Ubuntu systems. When opening the window of a new application, the screen would go black or become transparent. As it turns out, this is actually an old problem and there are bug reports dating back from Ubuntu 12.10 times.
    However to be fair it was not Nvidia's fault. The problem was caused by Compiz, which had some leftover code from a port. Nvidia found it and proposed a fix.
    "Our interpretation of the specification is that creating two GLX pixmaps pointing at the same drawable is not allowed, because it can lead to poorly defined behavior if the properties of both GLX drawables don't match. Our driver prevents this, but Compiz appears to try to do this," wrote NVIDIA's Arthur Huillet.
    Soon after that, a patch has been issued for Compiz and it's been approved. The patch would be pushed in Ubuntu 15.04 and is likely to be backported to Ubuntu 14.04 LTS.
    Noticia:
    http://www.fudzilla.com/news/graphic...-old-linux-bug
    http://www.portugal-tech.pt/image.php?type=sigpic&userid=566&dateline=1384876765

  6. #6
    Tech Ubër-Dominus Avatar de Jorge-Vieira
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    Valve develops its own Intel graphics driver for Linux



    It will be open sourced
    Valve has developed its own Intel Vulkan GPU graphics driver for Linux that they intend to open-source.

    The Vulkan API is still being argued about and will not be finalised until later this year, but Valve has been developing their own Intel GPU reference driver for Vulkan to help early adopters boot-strap their code. During their presentation at GDC2015 Valve announced that its Intel Linux driver will be open-sourced, but they haven't provided a time-frame for doing so.
    Valve also confirmed that the Source 2 Engine supports the alpha Vulkan API today and that Vulkan will be supported across the board on Steam Machines.
    Intel graphics hardware might not be the sexiest, but there is a lot of it out there. It is also easy to target for an open-source driver given Intel's extensive hardware specifications / programming documentation.
    A Vulkan Intel Linux graphics driver used by game developers sounds very promising for having good support for this new API and most likely high-performance was a priority in the development of this driver by Valve and likely their partners at LunarG.
    Noticia:
    http://www.fudzilla.com/news/graphic...iver-for-linux


    Drivers Linux para Intel
    Mais uma aposta neste sistema.
    http://www.portugal-tech.pt/image.php?type=sigpic&userid=566&dateline=1384876765

  7. #7
    O Administrador Avatar de LPC
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    Citação Post Original de Jorge-Vieira Ver Post
    Valve develops its own Intel graphics driver for Linux




    Noticia:
    http://www.fudzilla.com/news/graphic...iver-for-linux


    Drivers Linux para Intel
    Mais uma aposta neste sistema.
    Boas!
    Cada vez mais vejo a ideia da Valve...
    É penso que eles querem ser a próxima gigante do software ao jeito da Microsoft...

    Vão começar pelo gamming, depois plataforma de distribuição, agora OS Linux + Suporte para a plataforma, depois SteamBox + Controlador (ou seja consolas), e não me admira nada que no futuro, passem a lançar mesmo software próprio e até smartphones.

    A Valve vai ser um desafio para a Microsoft, que não se consegue livrar de algo que foi criado na sua plataforma e está a sugar os recursos para ser sua rival...
    Percebe-se agora a ideia de fechar o OS... Cortar os recursos á VALVE...

    Cumprimentos,

    LPC

    My Specs:
    Case: Phanteks Eclipse P400S - CPU: AMD Ryzen 5 - 2400G - Board: MSI B450 Gaming Pro Carbon AC - RAM: 16GB DDR4 G.Skill RipJaws V 3200Mhz CAS 14-14-14-34 (2x8GB) - GPU: AMD IGPU VEGA 11
    Cooling: Arctic Cooling 3x F14 Silent - CPU Cooler: Arctic Cooling: Liquid Freezer 360 (6xF12 Fans) - Storage: Samsung SSD 840 EVO 1 TB - PSU: EVGA G3 750W - Monitor: ACER XB270HU 1440p @ 144hz G-Sync

  8. #8
    Tech Ubër-Dominus Avatar de Jorge-Vieira
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    Eles no gaming, se as coisas forem feitas com pés e cabeça, podem muito bem ser o proximo a dominar o mercado, as Steam Machines são máquinas brutais comparadas com as consolas, agora há que remar contra tudo o que gira em torno dessas mesmas consolas e dos gigantes que as apoiam.

    No software, se o Vulkan se tornar uma API viável e for vista de igual forma ao DX, a M$ pode em imensos anos de reinado sem qualquer concorrencia, ter ou começar a ter um adversário de peso.
    http://www.portugal-tech.pt/image.php?type=sigpic&userid=566&dateline=1384876765

  9. #9
    Tech Veterano Avatar de MTPS
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    O que se passa aqui é muito simples.

    A MS vive dum sistema fechado há perto de 30 anos, a Valve cresceu na última década o suficiente para neste momento ter influência suficiente para fazer implementar tudo quanto é developer no seu software.

    No fundo, a MS manteve a posição dominante num sistema fechado porque nunca houve uma empresa com igual poderio capaz de influenciar a mudança para sistemas abertos.

    Como hoje há, não tenho dúvidas que vamos assistir à queda de um império.
    AMD SAPPHIRE ASROCK POWER EVERYWHERE. DEATH TO INTEL.

  10. #10
    Tech Ubër-Dominus Avatar de Jorge-Vieira
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    Linux Open Source License Allegedly Violated by VMWare


    VMWare, the virtualization software maker, is apparently facing a lawsuit for violating the GPLv2 free software license for years by using Linux and other source code in ESXi.
    Christoph Hellwig, Linux kernel developer, filed the lawsuit in Hamburg, Germany, with funding from the Software Freedom Conservancy non-profit organisation which works to defend and promote free and open source software. VMWare allegedly combined their own ‘vmkernel’ with parts of the Linux code, licensed only under GPLv2.
    VMWare denies the accusation, calling them “without merit”. The ESXi hypervisor is a key part of the company’s leading position in the enterprise virtualization market. VMWare is said to have made $1.7 billion in revenue and $326 million in net income in Q4 2014.
    Hellwig is said to be one of the most active developers of the Linux kernels. He was the first to denounce VMWare’s misuse of the GPL-licensed code back in 2007. The Software Freedom Conservancy organisation then discovered in 2011 that VMWare failed to provide any source code for the version of BusyBox included in the ESXi package, as required by the software’s GPLv2 license.
    The organisation then begun negotiations with VMWare to provide detailed compliance on all GPL licensed components in ESXi, but progress was slow through 2013. Hellwig had been working more closely with the organisation in 2012 to analyse non-compliant releases of ESXi. After an extended period of time spent analysing the material, it became apparent that VMware’s current ESXi products infringed many of Hellwig’s own copyrights, due to VMware’s failure to comply with Linux’s license, GPLv2.
    “During Hellwig’s investigations, Conservancy continued to negotiate with VMware. Sadly, VMware’s legal counsel finally informed Conservancy in 2014 that VMware had no intention of ceasing their distribution of proprietary-licensed works derived from Hellwig’s and other kernel developers’ copyrights, despite the terms of GPLv2. Conservancy therefore had no recourse but to support Hellwig’s court action.”
    “In addition to other ways VMware has not complied with the requirements of the GPL, Conservancy and Hellwig specifically assert that VMware has combined copyrighted Linux code, licensed under GPLv2, with their own proprietary code called ‘vmkernel’ and distributed the entire combined work without providing nor offering complete, corresponding source code for that combined work under terms of the GPLv2,” the Conservancy wrote. “Hellwig is an extensive copyright holder in the portions of Linux that VMware misappropriated and used together in a single, new work without permission.”
    The Software Freedom Conservancy stated that they proceeded to take legal action only after exploring ‘every other possible alternative’ over the past few years. The organisation is said to currently seek donations to help pay for the lawsuit, which they say could take years.
    Thank you Arstechnica for providing us with this information
    Noticia:
    http://www.eteknix.com/linux-open-so...olated-vmware/
    http://www.portugal-tech.pt/image.php?type=sigpic&userid=566&dateline=1384876765

  11. #11
    Tech Ubër-Dominus Avatar de Jorge-Vieira
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    Linux Foundation's New 'Vault' Conference Begins Tommorow

    The world of enterprise storage is beset by challenges coming from all sides, the majority of which arise from the transition to the cloud computing model and the economics of storing and managing exploding data repositories.
    The Linux Foundation has established the new Vault conference to bring together the top 80 Linux developers in file systems and storage. The Vault Linux Storage and Filesystems Conference is taking place March 11-13 at the Revere Hotel in Boston, MA. It is no coincidence that the OCP U.S. Summit (Open Compute Project) is also taking place from March 10-11 in Boston; many of the same faces will be present at both events.

    Linux has become the operating system of the cloud, and open source software has become a key enabler of software defined storage architectures. One of the keys to cost-effective data storage lies in breaking the bonds of isolated silos of vendor-specific storage hardware. Leveraging commodity hardware and virtualizing the underlying storage yields tremendous benefits, but it also presents management headaches, particularly when scaling to multi-petabyte environments.
    Linux developers are constantly working to alleviate these concerns by developing GUIs that abstract out of the complexity and deliver easy-to-use systems. Simplified management systems also reduce time to deployment and labor costs. Flash storage is also a hot topic as developers work on new ways of exploiting its low latency, along with containerization and software such as Ceph and Lustre.
    Solving the Rubik's cube of data storage requires a mix of both hardware and software, and both will be represented at the Vault conference. Industry leaders from both disciplines, such as Facebook, Google, Oracle, SanDisk, Seagate and SUSE, will be present. There will also be a number of compelling keynote addresses from a range of companies.
    Noticia:
    http://www.tomsitpro.com/articles/li...ce,1-2497.html
    http://www.portugal-tech.pt/image.php?type=sigpic&userid=566&dateline=1384876765

  12. #12
    Tech Ubër-Dominus Avatar de Jorge-Vieira
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    Why Linux is still not ready for desktop



    Nothing ever changes
    Every three years I install Linux and see if it is ready for prime time yet, and every three years I am disappointed. What is so disappointing is not so much that the operating system is bad, it has never been, it is just that who ever designs it refuses to think of the user.

    To be clear I will lay out the same rider I have for my other three reviews. I am a Windows user, but that is not out of choice. One of the reasons I keep checking out Linux is the hope that it will have fixed the basic problems in the intervening years. Fortunately for Microsoft it never has.

    This time my main computer had a serious outage caused by a dodgy Corsair (which is now a c word) power supply and I have been out of action for the last two weeks. In the mean time I had to run everything on a clapped out Fujitsu notebook which took 20 minutes to download a webpage.
    One Ubuntu Linux install later it was behaving like a normal computer. This is where Linux has always been far better than Windows – making rubbish computers behave. I could settle down to work right? Well not really.
    This is where Linux has consistently disqualified itself from prime-time every time I have used it. Going back through my reviews, I have been saying the same sort of stuff for years.
    Coming from Windows 7, where a user with no learning curve can install and start work it is impossible. Ubuntu can't. There is a ton of stuff you have to upload before you can get anything that passes for an ordinary service. This uploading is far too tricky for anyone who is used to Windows.
    It is not helped by the Ubuntu Software Centre which is supposed to make like easier for you. Say that you need to download a flash player. Adobe has a flash player you can download for Ubuntu. Click on it and Ubuntu asks you if you want to open this file with the Ubuntu Software Center to install it. You would think you would want this right? Thing is is that pressing yes opens the software center but does not download Adobe flash player. The center then says it can't find the software on your machine.


    Here is the problem which I wrote about nearly nine years ago – you can't download Flash or anything proprietary because that would mean contaminating your machine with something that is not Open Sauce.
    Sure Ubuntu will download all those proprietary drivers, but you have to know to ask – an issue which has been around now for so long it is silly. The issue of proprietary drives is only a problem for those who are hard core open saucers and there are not enough numbers of them to keep an operating system in the dark ages for a decade. However, they have managed it.
    I downloaded LibreOffice and all those other things needed to get a basic “windows experience” and discovered that all those typefaces you know and love are unavailable. They should have been in the proprietary pack but Ubuntu has a problem installing them. This means that I can't share documents in any meaningful way with Windows users, because all my formatting is screwed.


    LibreOffice is not bad, but it really is not Microsoft Word and anyone who tries to tell you otherwise is lying.

    I download and configure Thunderbird for mail and for a few good days it actually worked. However yesterday it disappeared from the side bar and I can't find it anywhere. I am restricted to webmail and I am really hating Microsoft's outlook experience.
    The only thing that is different between this review and the one I wrote three years ago is that there are now games which actually work thanks to Steam. I have not tried this out yet because I am too stressed with the work backlog caused by having to work on Linux without regular software, but there is an element feeling that Linux is at last moving to a point where it can be a little bit useful.
    So what are the main problems that Linux refuses to address? Usability, interface and compatibility.
    I know Ubuntu is famous for its shit interface, and Gnome is supposed to be better, but both look and feel dated. I also hate Windows 8's interface which requires you to use all your computing power to navigate through a touch screen tablet screen when you have neither. It should have been an opportunity for Open saucers to trump Windows with a nice interface – it wasn't.
    You would think that all the brains in the Linux community could come up with a simple easy to use interface which lets you have access to all the files you need without much trouble. The problem here is that Linux fans like to tinker they don't want usability and they don't have problems with command screens. Ordinary users, particularly more recent generations will not go near a command screen.
    Compatibly issues for games has been pretty much resolved, but other key software is missing and Linux operators do not seem keen to get them on board.
    I do a lot of layout and graphics work. When you complain about not being able to use Photoshop, Linux fanboys proudly point to GIMP and say that does the same things. You want to grab them down the throat and stuff their heads down the loo and flush. GIMP does less than a tenth of what Photoshop can do and it does it very badly. There is nothing that can do what CS or any real desktop publishers can do available on Linux.
    Proprietary software designed for real people using a desktop tends to trump anything open saucy, even if it is producing a technology marvel.
    So in all these years, Linux has not attempted to fix any of the problems which have effectively crippled it as a desktop product.
    I will look forward to next week when the new PC arrives and I will not need another Ubuntu desktop experience. Who knows maybe they will have sorted it in three years time again.
    Noticia:
    http://www.fudzilla.com/news/37255-w...dy-for-desktop


    É uma opinião, mas não concordo muito com ela, ainda este fim de semana estive a testar o Linux Mint no meu anterior PC (AMD 4800+) e daquilo que vi acho que o Linux está mais que preparado para ser um SO fiável e alternativo ao Windows.
    http://www.portugal-tech.pt/image.php?type=sigpic&userid=566&dateline=1384876765

  13. #13
    Tech Membro Avatar de Filipe
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    O que falta ao linux é algum suporte (de jeito) de alguns fabricantes. Existem muitos problemas com determindados componentes, que no windows não acontece.
    List of Public DNS Servers! - Internet Censurada? Tenta alterar o DNS.
    aqui como testares o teu DNS!


  14. #14
    Tech Veterano Avatar de MTPS
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    É tudo uma questão de tempo...
    AMD SAPPHIRE ASROCK POWER EVERYWHERE. DEATH TO INTEL.

  15. #15
    Tech Ubër-Dominus Avatar de Jorge-Vieira
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    Dell unveils the Linux-powered version of its XPS 13 laptop

    Dell has announced the Ubuntu-powered version of its impressive XPS 13 laptop, giving consumers the option of grabbing the Windows, or Linux-based version of its 13-inch laptop at the time of purchase.


    The company took to a blog post to announce that since the launch of its XPS 13 back in January, it had the idea of launching a developer-friendly version of its laptop, but it wanted to make sure that it could offer the best possibly product to anyone who purchased one. Dell said: "There were issues with the touchpad and a repeating keystroke that took longer to address than we, and others, would have liked".

    Noticia:
    http://www.tweaktown.com/news/44593/...top/index.html
    http://www.portugal-tech.pt/image.php?type=sigpic&userid=566&dateline=1384876765

 

 

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